While administrating a box, you may wanted to find out what a processes is doing and find out how many file descriptors (fd) are being used. You will surprised to find out that process does open all sort of files:
=> Actual log file
=> UNIX Sockets
=> Network sockets
=> Library files /lib /lib64
=> Executables and other programs etc
In this quick post, I will explain how to to count how many file descriptors are currently in use on your Linux server system.
Step # 1 Find Out PID
To find out PID for mysqld process, enter:
# ps aux | grep mysqld
# pidof mysqld
Step # 2 List File Opened By a PID # 28290
Use the lsof command or /proc/$PID/ file system to display open fds (file descriptors), run:
# lsof -p 28290
# lsof -a -p 28290
# cd /proc/28290/fd
# ls -l | less
You can count open file, enter:
# ls -l | wc -l
Tip: Count All Open File Handles
To count the number of open file handles of any sort, type the following command:
# lsof | wc -l
List File Descriptors in Kernel Memory
Type the following command:
# sysctl fs.file-nr
fs.file-nr = 1020 0 70000
- 1020 The number of allocated file handles.
- 0 The number of unused-but-allocated file handles.
- 70000 The system-wide maximum number of file handles.
You can use the following to find out or set the system-wide maximum number of file handles:
# sysctl fs.file-max
fs.file-max = 70000